This at-a-glance guide is designed to give you a quick snapshot of a range of different investment vehicles available.

Equity based investments do not afford the same capital security as a deposit account.

The levels, bases and reliefs from taxation are subject to the individual circumstances of the investor and may be subject to change.

It is important to note that the value of investments and income from them may go down. You may not get back the original amount invested and the levels, basis and reliefs of taxation are subject to change. This is not intended as an exhaustive guide.

Deposits may be held in:

  • Commercial banks
  • Building societies
  • ISAs


National Savings and Investments have a number of different instruments*:

  • Premium Bonds
  • Income Bonds
  • Investment account

Asset-backed investments can be held in:

  • Shares
    • Issued by companies to raise money
    • Dividends related to profitability (taxable if exceed Dividend Allowance)
    • Potential Capital Gains Tax on realised gains when shares sold
       
  • Gilt-edged Securities
    • Government guaranteed
    • Fixed rate of interest or coupon
    • Interest liable for tax (unless covered by allowances such as Personal Savings Allowance)
    • Full nominal value repaid at redemption date
    • Some Gilts index linked
    • No Capital Gains Tax on Gilts
       
  • Unit trusts
    • Investors’ money pooled to form large funds
    • Medium to long-term investments in stocks and shares and other asset types
    • Broad spread for greater security
    • Professional fund management
    • Units priced on the basis of the value of the underlying investments
    • Income distributed or re-invested
    • Income liable for tax (unless covered by allowances such as Personal Savings Allowance or Dividend Allowance)
    • Potential for Capital Gains Tax

  • Cash ISA
    The overall limit for investment in ISAs is £20,000 and the whole amount can be placed in a Cash ISA if required. It’s possible to transfer Stocks and Shares ISAs into a Cash ISA and vice versa.

  • Stocks and Shares ISA
    You can invest the full £20,000 ISA allowance into a  Stocks and Shares ISA if you wish. Investors do not pay any personal tax on income or gains.

  • Investment trusts
    • Pooled investments run by limited companies
    • Medium to long-term investments
    • Professionally managed
    • Stock market determines the price so shares can trade at a discount or a premium to the underlying asset value
    • The funds are 'closed-ended'
       
  • Open ended investment companies (OEICs)
    • Pooled investments run by limited companies
    • Medium to long term investments
    • Professionally managed
    • Single pricing based on the net asset value
    • Charges expressed separately
    • The funds are 'open-ended' 
       
  • Investment bonds
    • Single premium (i.e. lump sum investment)
    • Non qualifying life assurance policy
    • Medium to long-term investments
    • With profit or unit-linked
    • Withdrawals possible
    • No personal liability for basic rate Income Tax or Capital Gains Tax (assuming a UK bond)
    • Withdrawals may trigger a liability to higher rates of tax or personal allowance
       

*These products and services are not regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA).